310S stainless steel sheet
  • 310S stainless steel sheet

Alloy 310S

(UNS S31000, S31008, S31009) W. Nr. 1.4845

Size Range:

Thickness:0.3-280mm                         Width:≤2500mm Length:≤12000mm

Alloy 310 (UNS S31000) is an austenitic stainless steel developed for use in high temperature corrosion resistant applications. The alloy resists oxidation up to 2010°F (1100°C) under mildly cyclic conditions.

Because of its high chromium and moderate nickel content, Alloy 310 is resistant to sulfidation and can also be used in moderately carburizing atmospheres. The more severe carburizing atmospheres of thermal process equipment usually require nickel alloys such as 330 (UNS N08330). Alloy 310 can be utilized in slightly oxidizing, nitriding, cementing and thermal cycling applications, albeit, the maximum service temperature must be reduced. Alloy 310 also finds usage in cryogenic applications with low magnetic permeability and toughness down to -450°F (-268°C).
When heated between 1202–1742°F (650–950°C) the alloy is subject to sigma phase precipitation. A solution annealing treatment at 2012–2102°F (1100–1150°C) will restore a degree of toughness.
310S (UNS S31008) is the low carbon version of the alloy. It is utilized for ease of fabrication. 310H (UNS S31009) is a high carbon modification developed for enhanced creep resistance. In most instances the grain size and carbon content of the plate can meet both the 310S and 310H requirements. Alloy 310 can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.


  • Cryogenic Components

  • Food Processing

  • Furnaces—burners, doors, fans, piping and recuperators

  • Fluidized Bed Furnaces—coal combustors, grids, piping, wind boxes

  • Ore Processing/Steel Plants—smelter and steel melting equipment, continuous casting equipment

  • Petroleum Refining—catalytic recovery systems, flares, recuperators, tube hangers

  • Power Generation—coal gasifier internals, pulverized coal burners, tube hangers

  • Sintering/Cement Plants—burners, burner shields, feeding and discharging systems, wind boxes

  • Thermal Processing—annealing covers and boxes, burner grids, doors, fans, muffles and retorts, recuperators, walking beams

Chemical Analysis

Chromium24.0 min. –26.0 max24.0 min. –26.0 max24.0 min. –26.0 max
Nickel19.0 min. –22.0 max.19.0 min. –22.0 max.19.0 min. –22.0 max.
Carbon0.250.080.04 min. –0.10 max.

Physical Properties

0.285 Ibs/in3
7.89 g/cm3
Electrical Resistivity
30.7 Microhm-in at 68°F
78.0 Microhm-cm at 20°C
Melting Range
Specific Heat
0.12 BTU/lb-°F (32–212°F)
502 J/kg-°K (0–100°C)
Modulus of Elasticity
28.5 x 106 psi
196 Gpa
Thermal Conductivity
8.0 BTU/hr/ft2/ft/°F
10.8 W/m-°K

Mechanical Properties

Yield Strength
0.2% Offset
Ultimate Tensile
in 2 in
35,00024580,00055045217 Brinell

Corrosion Resistance

Wet Corrosion
Alloy 310 is not designed for service in wet corrosive environments. The high carbon content, which is present to enhance creep properties, has a detrimental effect on aqueous corrosion resistance. The alloy is prone to intergranular corrosion after long term exposure at high temperatures.
However, due to its high chromium content (25%), Alloy 310 is more corrosion resistant than most heat resistant alloys.
High Temperature Corrosion
The high chromium (25%) and silicon (0.6%) content of Alloy 310 make it
more resistant to high temperature corrosion in most in-service environments.
Operating temperatures are listed below.

Oxidizing conditions (max sulfur content–2 g/m3)
1922°F (1050°C) continuous service
2012°F (1100°C) peak temperature

Oxidizing conditions (max sulfur greater than 2 g/m3)
1742°F (950°C) maximum temperature

Low oxygen atmosphere (max sulfur content–2 g/m3)
1832°F (1000°C) maximum temperature

Nitriding or carburizing atmospheres
1562–1742°F (850–950°C) maximum

Creep Properties
The alloy does not perform as well as Alloy 600 (UNS N06600) or Alloy 800 (UNS N08800) in reducing, nitriding or carburizing atmospheres, but it does
outperform most heat resistant stainless steels in these conditions.

TemperatureCreep Strain (Mpa)Creep Rupture (Mpa)
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